Maximum power point tracking and control of grid interfacing PV systems

Rights statement
Awarding institution
  • University of Strathclyde
Date of award
  • 2022
Thesis identifier
  • T16153
Person Identifier (Local)
  • 201873188
Qualification Level
Qualification Name
Department, School or Faculty
  • Grid interfacing of PV systems is very crucial for their future deployment. To address some drawbacks of model-based maximum power point tracking (MPPT) techniques, new optimum proportionality constant values based on the variation of temperature and irradiance are proposed for fractional open circuit voltage (FOCV) and fraction short circuit current (FSCC) MPPT. The two MPPT controllers return their optimum proportionality values to gain high tracking efficiency when a change occurred to temperature and/or irradiance. A modified variable step-size incremental conductance MPPT technique for PV system is proposed. In the new MPPT technique, a new autonomous scaling factor based on the PV module voltage in a restricted search range to replace the fixed scaling factor in the conventional variable step-size algorithm is proposed. Additionally, a slope angle variation algorithm is also developed. The proposed MPPT technique demonstrates faster tracking speed with minimum oscillations around MPP both at steady-state and dynamic conditions with overall efficiency of about 99.70%. The merits of the proposed MPPT technique are verified using simulation and practical experimentation. A new 0.8Voc model technique to estimate the peak global voltage under partial shading condition for medium voltage megawatt photovoltaic system integration is proposed. The proposed technique consists of two main components; namely, peak voltage and peak voltage deviation correction factor. The proposed 0.8Voc model is validated by using MATLAB simulation. The results show high tracking efficiency with minimum deviations compared to the conventional counterpart. The efficiency of the conventional 0.8𝑉𝑜𝑐 model is about 93% while that of the proposed is 99.6%. Control issues confronting grid interfacing PV system is investigated. The proposed modified 0.8Voc model is utilized to optimise the active power level in the grid interfacing of multimegawatt photovoltaic system under normal and partial shading conditions. The active power from the PV arrays is 5 MW, while the injected power into the ac is 4.73 MW, which represents 95% of the PV arrays power at normal condition. Similarly, during partial shading conditions, the active power of PV module is 2 MW and the injected power is 1.89 MW, which represents 95% of PV array power at partial shading conditions. The technique demonstrated the capability of saving high amount of grid power.
Advisor / supervisor
  • Ahmed, Khaled H.
Resource Type
Date Created
  • 2021