Urban design guidance for Benghazi, Libya : linking urban form and local culture for social housing regeneration in Libya

Awarding institution
  • University of Strathclyde
Date of award
  • 2013
Thesis identifier
  • T13727
Qualification Level
Qualification Name
Department, School or Faculty
  • Efficient and effective urban guidance for regeneration areas coupled with quality design, are recognised to make a positive effect on social wellbeing of communities. Unfortunately, the Libyan urban planning system and urban regeneration suffer from inefficiency and ineffectiveness. The aim of this study is to improve the existing urban regeneration practice in Libya and to respond to the lack of urban design guidance in regeneration projects. This study proposes urban design guidance that achieves this aim by providing a new, authentic approach to rehabilitate deprived areas in Benghazi, Libya. The methodology followed adopts the use of the Typo-Morphological approach, coupled with the Libyan/Islamic socio-cultural norms as roots and measures to deliver genuine solutions for the rehabilitation process. This methodology is utilised by studying three distinct neighbourhoods in Benghazi, Libya. The analytical framework is based on six elements of urban forms that are socially defined. The outcome of this study is the urban design guidance which is easy to use, reliable, genuine, and tackles the communities' social-cultural needs. This guidance is proposed to the Libyan urban planning authorities to enhance a better quality of life and more sustainable building environment in Benghazi, Libya. This guidance is the key contribution of the thesis. In addition to the main outcome, the thesis provides several theoretical and practical contributions. To the best of the author's knowledge, this study is the first one to apply typo-morphology approach in Libyan urban design. Also, it is the first to link Libyan/Islamic socio-cultural norms with the urban form of Benghazi, Libya. Practically, six analytical elements and various tools are produced by the applied typo-morphological categorisation that represents a systematic analytical framework. Moreover, the author has originated the social block analytical element, and analytical tools such as measures of public open spaces configuration, and housing privacy and walls permeability. Also, the author has further developed other elements and tools that were originated by other scholars to suit the Libyan context.
Resource Type
Date Created
  • 2013
Former identifier
  • 1032479