The Bailgill Mining District N.E. Leadhills Lanarkshire, Scotland

Rights statement
Awarding institution
  • University of Strathclyde
Date of award
  • 1974
Thesis identifier
  • T106(1974)
Qualification Level
Qualification Name
Department, School or Faculty
  • In 1958, Dr RA Mackay gave a paper entitled 'The Leadhills Wanlockhead Mining District'. One of the main points of his paper was that the major ore control of the District is a rather complex zone of dislocation dipping to the North-West. Dr Mackay traced the outcrop of this thrust plane mostly by subsurface geological exposures between the Glencrieff Mine of Wanlockhead and the Susanna Mine of Leadhills as illustrated on the map page 9. Due to the poor surface geological exposures he could not be certain of its continuation Northwards. The fieldwork of the present thesis mapped the area north of Leadhills to the large scale of 25 inches to the mile. The geological features encountered are described together with the evidence that the postulated thrust plane may continue northeastwards from Leadhills. The thrust plane passes along the western edge of the Bailgill Mining District with the probability that it was also a major ore control for this District. The long-abandoned trials and mines were an additional means of tracing the course of the thrust plane. To obtain information regarding the Bailgill mines which operated in the 18th and 19th centuries generally before the use of gunpowder in mining, a desk study of many hitherto unpublished mining records was made and brought to light the fact that the development of the Bailgill District was somewhat neglected due to the proximity of the immensely rich Susanna Mine. The Bailgill Mines were included in the same lease as the Susanna Mine. With a view to awakening new interest in this field, the history, production and features of the Bailgill Mines are given: also, since there seems the possibility of sub-parallel veins, the Engineering problems of exploring the field by driving a new adit, both for exploration and possible extraction of ore, are detailed. Furthermore, as the thrust plane may continue beyond the Bailgill District the likelihood of discovering more ore in that direction is investigated. Finally during the geological mapping the presence of a second major non-parallel fault line was suspected. This taken together with the lateral strike slip movement mapped could account for the presence of the Wanlockhead, Leadhills, Bailgill mineralized zone as a whole and is therefore described.
Advisor / supervisor
  • Pringle, A. Kerr
Resource Type