Development of a safety culture assessment and improved framework to enhance maritime safety

Rights statement
Awarding institution
  • University of Strathclyde
Date of award
  • 2018
Thesis identifier
  • T14817
Person Identifier (Local)
  • 201380997
Qualification Level
Qualification Name
Department, School or Faculty
  • The maritime industry has experienced numerous catastrophic accidents and these accidents are traditionally attributed to human and organizational factors. Recently, the shipping industry aims to implement an effective safety culture in order to avoid reoccurrence of these events as requested by the IMO International Safety Management (ISM) Code. However, the ISM Code does not provide a structured assessment and improvement methodology to address this issue and therefore the envisaged impact has not yet been achieved due to a lack of structured approach to enhance maritime safety culture. Therefore, this thesis aims to develop a novel safety culture assessment and improvement framework to identify safety related problems of any shipping company, address the vulnerabilities and develop improvement strategies to enhance safety culture maturity levels. Such a comprehensive and structured framework which seeks improvement areas via the combinations of the subjective and objective assessments along with action plans does not exist in the maritime domain. The framework proposes three assessments and one improvement sub methods, namely: Safety Climate Assessment, Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) Assessment, Overt Observations and Improvement Methods & Action Plans Firstly, safety culture assessment questionnaires are distributed to the shipping companies and these surveys are supported by semi-structured interviews in order to capture attitude and perceptions of the employees towards safety. Secondly, company key performance indicators are collected and correlated with the survey data for further clarification. KPI data are also used for trend analysis to capture the KPIs which have a positive impact on safety performance of a shipping company. Finally, on board observation studies take place to capture the main drivers of the safety performance of a shipping company. When all the assessments are completed, the action plans and improvement methodologies are proposed to address the identified gaps.
Advisor / supervisor
  • Turan, Osman
  • Boulougouris, Evangelos.
Resource Type
  • Previously held under moratorium from 22nd March 2018 until 22nd March 2023.
Date Created
  • 2018
Former identifier
  • 9912590892102996